Health and Medicine
Millions have watched Dr. Robert Lustig's YouTube videos on the role sugar plays in obesity. In this compilation of the popular YouTube series "The Skinny on Obesity," Dr. Lustig and his UCSF colleagues dig deeper into the root causes of the obesity epidemic. Discover why what we eat is as important as how much we eat. Understand the effects of stress on obesity rates, and why some predict that the next generation will die younger than the current one due to obesity and the many health problems it causes.
Is it possible for damaged nerves to be rewired? Justin Brown, MD joins host David Granet, MD to discuss how patients suffering from paralysis due to nerve injuries can regain function as well as future implications of this novel technique.
Susan Shurin, MD, reviews the role of research in advances for pediatric health over the past century and discusses trends in where pediatric research is heading.
Dr. Clarissa Kripke explores progress made in community living for people with developments disabilities. She explains that the Lanterman Act has been enormously successful by establishing an entitlement to community-based services and supports for Californians with developmental disabilities of all ages. Today, most adults with developmental disabilities are living independently with supports or with family. People with disabilities want full acceptance. They want full access to community life, and the opportunity to direct their own lives. Recorded on 11/13/2014.
Recognizing the early signs of autism and seeking early intervention can improve outcomes. UCSF Clinical Professor Dr. Barbara Bennet explains the signs that may indicate a child is at risk for an autism spectrum disorder. Recorded on 11/20/2014.
Alexander Wunsch, MD, Wismar University of Applied Sciences, Germany gives a historical perspective on sunlight exposure and explains how both the public's and medical community's perspective has changed over time. Recorded on 12/09/2014.
Robert P. Heaney, MD, Creighton University explores why vitamin D is important, how it works, how we get it and how much we need. Recorded on 12/09/2014.
The latest national research on racial/ethnic disparities in health and healthcare of US children show great differences in medical and oral health, access to care and use of services. Glenn Flores, MD shares findings of studies demonstrating successful elimination of racial/ethnic health disparities in children.
Researchers in Heidelberg want to fight carcinoma with measles viruses. The process involves modifying the pathogen so that it only attacks cancer cells, thereby producing new crops of viruses and destroying the tumor. The new viruses can in turn kill further cancer cells. Testing on mice has produced very encouraging results.
Dr. Susan Little of UC San Diego School of Medicine presents her research that tracks HIV infection by rapidly obtaining genetic information from those engaged in HIV healthcare. A discussion follows on privacy protections, the risks associated with the use of these data and their potential to significantly limit HIV transmission in communities. Dr. Little is presented by the Center for Ethics in Science and Technology in San Diego.
According to the World Health Organization, obesity rates have nearly doubled in Europe in the past three decades, and some 30 percent of the global population is now classified as either obese or overweight. It's a huge problem that can lead to serious health issues like diabetes or heart disease. But scientists in Germany and Austria have identified an enzyme that seems to play a key role in whether or not an obese person stays healthy. Nearly a quarter of obese people remain healthy long-term despite their weight problem. Studies show that they have only a low level of the HO-1 enzyme, while those who get sick tend to have higher levels of the enzyme - exactly the opposite of what the scientists had expected.
Paul Offit, MD is a Professor in the Division of Infectious Diseases and the Director of the Vaccine Education Center at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. He reviews the details of the 1991 Philadelphia measles epidemic and the measures taken by the city to stop it. Offit specializes in infectious diseases and on vaccines, immunology, and virology.
Chris Freise, MD discusses the overview and results of the A2ALL Adult to Adult Living Donor Liver Transplantation Cohort Study. He compares which pathway to transplant lead to the best survival, and looks at the differences in living or deceased donor transplant survival rates. Recorded on 11/14/2014.
The Nathan Bass UCSF Liver Transplant Conference 2014, Part One. Doctors Nathan Bass, MD and Francis Yao, MD introduce some of the topics in hepatology and liver transplantation that will be discussed at the conference. Objectives include up to date information of specific liver disease entities and issues relevant to liver transplantation, learning more about the UCSF liver transplant program and team and its mission in advancing the field of liver transplant through research and clinical experience.
Jeanne Blake is joined by Dr. Robin D'Antona, author of "Bullying Solutions: Learn to Overcome from Real Case Studies".